Notes on the Holy Spirit

I recently had the privilege of teaching our church’s youth group on the Holy Spirit. Here are my notes:

The Holy Spirit

Who is He?

  • He is God, equal to the Father and the Son (cf. Acts 28:25-27 with Is. 6:9-10). In 2 Cor. 3:17, God is equated with the Holy Spirit
  • A member of the Divine Trinity
  • Promised to believers by God (Joel 2:28; cited in Acts 2:17-21) and by Christ (John 14:15-17)
  • Parkletos (Παράκλητος): John uses this word 5 times (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7 and 1 John 2:1) in his writings to describe the Holy Spirit. He is the Comforter/Helper of all believers – without Him, we are unable to minister (Luke 24:49; Acts 1:8)
  • He lives inside believers (1 Cor. 3:16; 6:19)
  • He is the seal and pledge of God on His children; a guarantee of His promises to them (Eph. 1:13-14; 4:30; 2 Cor. 1:22, 5:5)

What does He do?

  • Equally involved in our salvation: The Father planned our salvation, the Son purchased it, and the Holy Spirit applies it to us by giving us new life (John 3:5-8) and convicting us of sin (John 16:8). He is the one who draws us to Christ (cf. John 6:44).
  • He writes the law of God in our hearts and enables us to delight in obeying it (Jer. 31:33).
  • He helps in our weakness (Rom. 8:26)
  • We are called to be transformed unto the image of Christ (Rom. 8:29), and that happens by the work of the Holy Spirit (2 Cor. 3:18) who produces His fruit in our lives (Gal. 5:22-23).
  • He also ministers to the Church by bestowing spiritual abilities known as gifts
    (Rom. 12:6; 1 Cor. 12:4-11), though there is debate today as to whether all of these gifts are still active.


  1. Isaiah 6:9-10 is quoted in John 12:39-41 in relation to Jesus, and in Acts 28:25-27 in relation to the Holy Spirit. Given the contexts, what is the common thread?
  2. Compare Ephesians 5:18-19 with Colossians 3:16. What conclusions can you draw about “being filled with the Spirit”?
  3. How did the Holy Spirit draw you to Christ? What influences did He use that you can only appreciate now that you have trusted Christ for your salvation?

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